United Nations adopts draft treaty on nuclear weapons ban

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To date, however, a number of countries have stayed out of the negotiations, including the United States, Russia and other nuclear-weapon States, as well as many of their allies.

Israel's Sorek nuclear reactor center near the central Israeli town of Yavne.

More than 120 countries are expected to adopt the first ever treaty to ban nuclear weapons at the G20 summit, despite opposition from nuclear-armed nations. Unfortunately, it won't involve any actual disarmament.

Ms. Fihn said the standoff between North Korea and the United States over the North's nuclear weapons and ballistic missiles illustrated what she called the fallacy that the deterrence theory can keep the peace.

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"Each State Party undertakes never under any circumstances to..." The U.S. cannot lead the push for nuclear non-proliferation on the Korean peninsula while it spends billions to maintain one of the world's two biggest nuclear arsenals.

The treaty is meant to bar countries from developing, testing, manufacturing, acquiring or even possessing any kind of nuclear weapon. It also bans any transfer or use of nuclear weapons or nuclear explosive devices - and the threat to use such weapons.

Earlier, the director of the Russian Foreign Ministry's non-proliferation and weapons control department, Mikhail Ulyanov, said that Russia would not ratify the nuclear weapons ban treaty since it runs counter to the country's national interests.

"We feel emotional because we are responding to the hopes and dreams of the present and future generations", said Ambassador Elayne Whyte Gómez of Costa Rica, who serves as the President of the conference that negotiated the treaty in response to a mandate given by the UN General Assembly.

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Iran, which signed an agreement with six major powers in 2015 to rein in its nuclear program, was among the countries that voted for the treaty. It requires non-nuclear signatory nations to not pursue atomic weapons in exchange for a commitment by the five powers to move toward nuclear disarmament and to guarantee non-nuclear states access to peaceful nuclear technology for producing energy.

"We will use (the ban) to stop further nukes being made, used or deployed", she said. It advocated that the treaty recognize the catastrophic humanitarian consequences of nuclear weapons, that it be based on global humanitarian law, and that it contain a clear and unambiguous prohibition.

"Today's vote shows that a majority of states consider a global prohibition on nuclear weapons to be the best option for protecting the world from their catastrophic effects".

She asked whether anyone thought North Korea would give up its nuclear weapons, arguing that Pyongyang would be "cheering" a nuclear ban treaty and Americans and others would be at risk.

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