No fruit juice for kids under age one, say pediatricians

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The only food or drink babies need in the first six months of life is breast milk or infant formula, according to the American Academy of Pediatrics.

The American Academy of Pediatrics has some new advice about juice: Kids should resist the urge to drink it.

Fruit juice is not recommended for the management of dehydration or diarrhea. For kids ages four to six - no more than four to six ounces per day. "Pediatricians have a lot of information to share with families on how to provide the proper balance of fresh fruit within their child's diet". "Whole fruit offers fiber and other nutrients". Consistent with recent AAP recommendations, water and cow's milk are preferred as primary fluid sources for children after weaning. The AAP also says juices should be pasteurized to reduce the risk of illness from contaminants like E. coli or salmonella. But, the AAP says, 100 percent fresh or reconstituted fruit juice - as part of an otherwise healthy diet - is fine for children over the age of 1. 'Not good for the teeth " Children and teens continue to be the top consumers of juice and juice drinks in the US, the policy statement notes.

This is the group's first change concerning fruit juice consumption since 2001.

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"The Academy, therefore, recommends eliminating 100% fruit juice from the diets of children with excessive weight gain but not necessarily from the diets of all children". When juice is served to older toddlers, it is important that it not be sipped throughout the day or used to calm an upset child. But that they are "absolutely unnecessary" for children younger than 1.

Juice comes from fruit, but that doesn't mean it's the nutritional equivalent.

Juice should not be introduced to infants before 1 year unless clinically indicated. For kids seven-years-old and older, the maximum daily intake of juice products is eight-ounces- that's just one glass. One study published in 2015 cited fruit juice as one of the "biggest culprits" for dental erosion, and other research has linked fruit juice intake to childhood obesity.

The experts recommended that toddlers should not be given juice from bottles or easily transportable "sippy cups" that allow them to consume juice easily throughout the day.

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"There's just no need for fruit juice in infancy", said Dr.

"Water and low-fat milk are much better choices for most children", Abrams noted.

Consumption of unpasteurized juice products should be strongly discouraged.

Children who take specific forms of medication should not be given grapefruit juice, which can interfere with the medication's effectiveness. Previously in 2001, the AAP advised parents to wait until a child reached at least six months old to give them juice, but has since made a decision to bump up the age due to growing health concerns in younger kids.

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The authors reported having no financial relationships relevant to the article.