The Chinese military carried out the test in the busy northeastern Bohai Sea close to the Korean peninsula "in recent days", Chinese Xinhua news agency reported on Tuesday, citing a statement from China's Defense Ministry.
Chinese military officials claimed the test was merely operational and did not give any more specific details.
The Red Army launched a new type of missile in the sea just off the crowded Korean peninsula.More news: Oil up on drop in US petroleum stocks, possible OPEC cut extension
"Considering the type of missile and the test location it is evident that we conduced a firing experiment targeting aircraft carriers".
The intercontinental ballistic missile can travel a maximum distance of 8,700 miles and can reach the United States.
The figure stood at US$3.74 billion as of the end of March, the largest amount since US$3.76 billion recorded in the fourth quarter of 2007, according to data by the tourism industry and the Bank of Korea.More news: Eurovision Song Contest Finale To Stream Live On YouTube This Saturday
At a regular news briefing last month, China's defense ministry responded to questions about the THAAD deployment by foreshadowing the weapons tests, saying they were necessary to safeguard its national security.
China has voiced its anger over the deployment of the US -made Terminal High Altitude Area Defense (THAAD) anti-missile system in South Korea last month. It said that it was created to intercept incoming missiles from North Korea, Reuters reported.
China's complaints about the US placing anti-missile defense in South Korea should not only be ignored but recognized for what they are - support of potential North Korean aggression against South Korea, which would be a direct insult to the U.S.More news: EU's Barnier says wants Brexit talks without 'aggressivity'