NASA Announces Project for Drilling on Europa's Crust

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NASA Europa Reports have released its initial finding for the Europa Clipper Mission bound to take effect in 2020.

NASA is already developing a flyby mission to Europa, which is scheduled to launch in the 2020s.

Another moon in our solar system that scientists are interested in- because it might also have a huge subsurface ocean- is Enceladus, which orbits Saturn.

The statement reads: "The Europa Lander Science Definition Team Report presents the integrated results of an intensive science and engineering team effort to develop and optimize a mission concept that would follow the Europa Multiple Flyby Mission and conduct the first in situ search for evidence of life on another world since the Viking spacecraft on Mars in the 1970s".

"The science return possible from the model payload is such that, if life is present in Europa's ice at a level comparable to one of the most extreme and desolate of environments on Earth (Lake Vostok ice), then this mission could detect life in Europa's icy surface", the report's authors wrote.

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'The other goals are to assess the habitability of Europa by directly analysing material from the surface, and to characterise the surface and subsurface to support future robotic exploration of Europa and its ocean'.

Europa - the smallest of the four Galilean moons orbiting Jupiter and the sixth closest to the planet - has been the subject of discussion among astronomers for quite some time now. The agency is now studying the best ways to make this happen; the new SDT report is part of that process. Information gathered by this spacecraft will lay the foundation for any Europa landing in the future.

However, the agency will try to deploy a lander on Europa.

Since humans first landed on our moon in 1969, they have been trying to explore new moons.

The lander would operate for at least 20 days, until its batteries died. The data would then be sent back to Earth for analysis.

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The third and final goal of the mission would be to simply study and record the surface and sub surface details of Jupiter's moon for future reference and exploration.

The report provides a glimpse of what the lander may look like, and describes the instruments that would be needed to accomplish its science mission.

Last year, NASA asked 21 scientists to conceptualize a lander whose destination would be Europa, and also determine whether such a mission would be feasible and what scientific gains might be achieved.

The other goals are also to access the habitability of Jupiter's Europa analyzing the materials from the surface, as per the report of DigitalTrends. They are trying to make the entire scientific community aware of the importance of such a mission.

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